1. Gum disease: Periodontitis, a severe form of gum disease, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. When gum disease goes untreated, it can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected and destroy the bone supporting the teeth.
2. Tooth decay: Cavities can develop and progress deep into the tooth, leading to tooth loss if the decay is not treated promptly.
3. Trauma: A fall, an accident or sports injury can cause a tooth to become loose or be knocked out entirely.
4. Bruxism: Excessive teeth grinding and clenching can wear down the teeth and damage the supporting bone and gums, leading to tooth loss.
5. Poor oral hygiene: Failing to brush and floss regularly can cause plaque buildup, which can lead to gum disease and tooth decay.
6. Smoking: Smoking can increase the risk of gum disease and tooth loss.
7. Diabetes: People with diabetes have an increased risk of developing gum disease, which can lead to tooth loss.
8. Osteoporosis: This condition causes bones to become weak and brittle, which can increase the risk of tooth loss.
9. Cancer treatments: Radiation and chemotherapy can cause damage to the teeth and gums, which can result in tooth loss.
10. Age: As we age, the risk of tooth loss increases due to wear and tear, gum disease, and other factors.